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SAGAS Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte, Spettacolo

Textile database

Number of entries: 10

Context identification

ARCH.04/02
Site: Archanes Phournì
Room: Building 4, room 2
Group: I
Chronology: LMI
Dimension: 143 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye: In the filling
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances: Traces of dark and hard substance (dry must?) on the bottom of the vat and in a cavity in the collecting area
Stone tools: ca. 12 millstones and pounder-grinders of various sizes

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system: vat and built area
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins: 2?
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces:  
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: 2?
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats: 1
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: attested
Jars:  
Pithoi: attested
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls:  
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other: alabastron from upper floor

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: 46 from upper floor
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune: olive stones in the storeroom
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other: whetstones, small tools of bronze (knifes, chisels) and obsidian (blades, chiips and cores); a bronze ingot and weight; fragments of two clay figurines

 

Notes

Notes: There are many uncertainties in the reconstruction, since some objects have different find-spots according to various publications (e.g. the ingor fragments or the balance weight). Also the identification of bronzes is inconstant. Platon Kopaka 1993 p. 76: «Par d'ailleurs, le restes de matières colorantes dans le remblai de Phourni (1) semblent renforcer l'hypothèse de l'existence, à l'étage, d'un métier à tisser, même si, en l'absence d'information supplémentaire, on saisit mal leurs rapports avec l'installation etudiée». In ARCHANES 1997 no indication on the nature of the colored substances.
Bibliography: Sakellarakis-Sakellarakis 1977 a, 469, 475-8, 480-1, pl. 242; Sakellarakis-Sakellarakis 1977 b, 172-3, fig. 115; Kopaka Platon 1993, p.41 -3; ARCHANES 1991, p. 86-88, fig. 63,64; Deliyianni 1995; ARCHANES 1997, pp. 223-227.

 


 

Context identification

HTR."VILLA"
Site: Haghia Triada
Room: Whole "villa"
Group:  
Chronology: LMIA
Dimension: 5832 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools:  

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins:  
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces:  
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins:  
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots:  
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: many
Jars: many
Pithoi: many
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs:  
Bowls:  
Cups:  
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps: many
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: 80+
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.: Many Linear A tablets, and many nodules
Other:  

 

Notes

Notes: Some tablets dealing apparently with textiles
Bibliography: F. Halbherr et alii 1977, pp. 31-234 (villa); La Rosa 1997; Hallager 2002

 


 

Context identification

HTR.Sfere
Site: Haghia Triada, Casa delle Sfere Fittili
Room:  
Group:  
Chronology: LMIA end/LMIB beginning
Dimension: 135 ca (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools:  

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins:  
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces:  
Drains: attested
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins:  
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots:  
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae:  
Jars:  
Pithoi:  
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs:  
Bowls:  
Cups:  
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: many
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls: attested

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other:  

 

Notes

Notes: According to recent studies, the house can be perhaps be considered together with the Casa del Lebete as a single complex (Palio 2002).
Bibliography: Halbherr et alii 1977, 265-269; Palio 2002, 125-7

 


 

Context identification

KN.MUM
Site: Knossos
Room: Minoan Unexplored Mansion
Group:  
Chronology: LMII
Dimension: 374 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye: attested
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: 84 ca

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins: attested
Pits:  
Cisterns: attested?
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces:  
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas: attested

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: 1
Spouted basins: 2
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many
Trays: attested
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: attested
Jars: many
Pithoi: attested
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls: attested
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps: attested
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: 100+
Spindle whorls: ?
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other: many tools and scraps from metallurgical activities

 

Notes

Notes:  
Bibliography: MUM; Evely 1984; Popham 1984.

 


 

Context identification

KOM.SnTub
Site: Kommos
Room: House of the Snake Tube, room 11
Group: II
Chronology: LMII (-LMIIIA2/B)
Dimension: 180 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants: phosphates
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: many

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain: 1
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins: LMIIIB in the house
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces:  
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas: inside

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: 3, perhaps not the same phase as stone and slab facility
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae:  
Jars:  
Pithoi:  
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs:  
Bowls:  
Cups:  
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: many
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other: weapons

 

Notes

Notes: Apparently there are some problems of chronology. It can be suggested to date the evidence of textile activity to the LMII, with multi-functional use of the slab and to date the use as latrin to the LMIII, when no more textile activity is attested.
Bibliography: Kommos I.2, pp. 202-206, pls., 3.103, 3.105, 3.119, 3.128. Kommos III, pp. 30-33, 70-75, 95-97; Shaw 1977, p. 226-231; Shaw 1979, p. 155-158; Shaw et alii 1978, p. 126.

 


 

Context identification

KOM.X
Site: Komoòs
Room: House X, room X.6
Group: IV
Chronology: LMII-LMIIIA1
Dimension: 240 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: 10++

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain: 1
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes:  
Vats:  
Basins:  
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces: attested
Work surfaces:  
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas: attested

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins:  
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: some
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: attested
Jars:  
Pithoi:  
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls: attested
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps: attested
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: 7
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune: bones and shells
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other:  

 

Notes

Notes:  
Bibliography: Shaw 1993; Shaw 1996, p. 368, 376; Kommos III, Dep. 9, p. 17; Dep. 18 , p. 26; Dep. 19, p. 26; Dep. 24, p. 29; Dep. 28, p. 34.

 


 

Context identification

KZ.Pl.Beta
Site: Kato Zakros, town
Room: House Beta Platon, M-N
Group:  
Chronology: LMI-(LMIII)
Dimension: 375 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: various

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system: vat and built area
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes: 3 inside
Vats:  
Basins: various inside
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces: attested
Work surfaces:  
Drains: attested
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins:  
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats: 1
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many inside
Trays: attested also inside
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: attested
Jars: attested
Pithoi: attested also inside
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls:  
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: many and inside
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.: IV
Other:  

 

Notes

Notes:  
Bibliography: Platon 1961, p. 219-222, pianta eik 2 p. 220; Platon 1962, pp. 148-152; Platon 1963, pp. 166-168; Platon 1971, fig a p. 62 (sector B). Kopaka -Platon 1993, p. 56.

 


 

Context identification

KZ.Pl.Delta
Site: Kato Zakros, town
Room: House Delta Platon
Group: IV
Chronology: LMI?
Dimension:  (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: many

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system: simple basin and amphora
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes: 2
Vats: attested
Basins: various
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces: attested
Drains: attested
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: attested
Spouted basins: attested
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many
Trays: attested
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae:  
Jars: attested
Pithoi: attested
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls:  
Cups:  
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: many
Spindle whorls: attested
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other:  

 

Notes

Notes:  
Bibliography: Platon 1962, pp. 147-8; Platon 1963, pp. 162-4, pin. 142 a; Platon 1971, fig. p. 63 (no house indication,, sector A); Kopaka-Platon 1993, p. 56-8; Evely 1993-2000, vol. 2, pp. 485-511.

 


 

Context identification

KZ.Pl.Epsilon
Site: Kato Zakros, town
Room: House Epsilon Platon
Group: IV
Chronology: LMIB
Dimension: 240 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye:  
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: many

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system: ???
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes: 2
Vats:  
Basins: attested
Pits:  
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces:  
Work surfaces: attested
Drains: attested
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas:  

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: 1
Spouted basins:  
Base spouted vats:  
Basins with inner incisions:  
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: attested
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae:  
Jars: attested
Pithoi: attested
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls:  
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other: clay plates

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: many
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other: pierced stone weights

 

Notes

Notes: If the two circular structures are interpreted as two large collecting areas (cf. Archanes), then the house can be inserted in th group IV; otherwise, in the group V.
Bibliography: Platon 1962, pp. 153-154; Platon 1963, pp. 168-169.

 


 

Context identification

MO.B.A
Site: Mochlos
Room: Coastside, Building A
Group: IV
Chronology: LMIB
Dimension: 220 (mq)

 

Dyeing, mordanting, finishing

Dye: attested, ochre
Means to recover the dye:  
Mordants:  
Other chemical substances:  
Stone tools: many 15++

 

Liquid processing

   --- Specialized installations ---
Row of plastered vats:  
Slab with drain:  
Vat and jar system:  
   --- Other facilities ---
Gournes: inside
Vats:  
Basins: inside
Pits: attested
Cisterns:  
Plastered or paved surfaces: inside
Work surfaces: many
Drains:  
Drying areas:  
   --- Use of fire ---
Hearths or other similar features:  
Burnt areas: attested

 

Pottery

   --- Basins ---
Simple basins: 1
Spouted basins: 1
Base spouted vats: 1
Basins with inner incisions: 2
   --- Cooking ware ---
Cooking pots: many, in the whole house
Trays:  
   --- Storage ware ---
Amphorae: attested
Jars: attested
Pithoi: attested
   --- Drinking and pouring ware ---
Jugs: attested
Bowls: attested
Cups: attested
   --- Other pots ---
Lamps:  
Other:  

 

Spinning and weaving
Loom weights: 14
Spindle whorls:  
Spinning bowls:  

Other informations

Faune:  
Tablets, nodules, etc.:  
Other: pumice; evidence of metalworking and stone vase industry

 

Notes

Notes:  
Bibliography: Mochlos I A, p. 12-40; Soles 2003a; pottery: Mochlos I.B; small finds: Mochlos I.C
 
ultimo aggiornamento: 09-Mar-2016
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